Lasix is the brand name of Furosemide, one of the most commonly prescribed diuretics used for the treatment of edema, swelling, heart failure, liver, kidney and other diseases by increased production of urine. In some cases, due to the properties of the diuretic, furosemide pills are used for weight loss. The therapeutic effectiveness of this medication has been confirmed by data reported in clinical trials. In most cases, furosemide is used as one of the primary components involved in the complex therapy for essential hypertension. Characteristics of furosemide and forms of release Furosemide is also the active substance of Lasix and belongs to the pharmacological group of loop diuretics. This pharmacological group aims to remove from the body an increased amount of water due to a decrease in the reabsorption of sodium and chloride in the special structure of the renal nephron-the loop of Henle. Moreover, with Lasix treatment, there is increased bodily excretion of calcium, magnesium, and potassium. Absorption: 60–67% absorbed after oral administration (↓ in acute HF and in renal failure); also absorbed from IM sites. Metabolism and Excretion: Minimally metabolized by liver, some nonhepatic metabolism, some renal excretion as unchanged drug. TIME/ACTION PROFILE (diuretic effect)CNS: blurred vision, dizziness, headache, vertigo EENT: hearing loss, tinnitus CV: hypotension GI: anorexia, constipation, diarrhea, dry mouth, dyspepsia, ↑ liver enzymes, nausea, pancreatitis, vomiting GU: ↑ BUN, excessive urination, nephrocalcinosis Derm: Edema PO: (Adults) 20–80 mg/day as a single dose initially, may repeat in 6–8 hr; may ↑ dose by 20–40 mg q 6–8 hr until desired response. Distribution: Crosses placenta, enters breast milk. Maintenance doses may be given once or twice daily (doses up to 2.5 g/day have been used in patients with HF or renal disease). Hypertension– 40 twice daily initially (when added to regimen, ↓ dose of other antihypertensives by 50%); adjust further dosing based on response; Hypercalcemia– 120 mg/day in 1–3 doses. PO: (Children 1 mo): 2 mg/kg as a single dose; may be ↑ by 1–2 mg/kg q 6–8 hr (maximum dose = 6 mg/kg). IM: IV: (Adults) 20–40 mg, may repeat in 1–2 hr and ↑ by 20 mg every 1–2 hr until response is obtained, maintenance dose may be given q 6–12 hr; Continuous infusion– Bolus 0.1 mg/kg followed by 0.1 mg/kg/hr, double q 2 hr to a maximum of 0.4 mg/kg/hr. IM: IV: Children 1–2 mg/kg/dose q 6–12 hr; Continuous infusion– 0.05 mg/kg/hr, titrate to clinical effect. Hypertension PO: (Adults) 40 twice daily initially (when added to regimen, ↓ dose of other antihypertensives by 50%); adjust further dosing based on response. Tablets: 20 mg, 40 mg, 80 mg, 500 mg Cost: Generic: 20 mg $6.50/100, 40 mg $7.11/100, 80 mg $10.83/100Oral solution (10 mg/m L–orange flavor, 8 mg/m L–pineapple–peach flavor): 8 mg/m L, 10 mg/m LCost: Generic: 10 mg/m L $10.40/60 m LSolution for injection: 10 mg/m LLab Test Considerations: Monitor electrolytes, renal and hepatic function, serum glucose, and uric acid levels before and periodically throughout therapy. May cause ↓ serum sodium, calcium, and magnesium concentrations. May also cause ↑ BUN, serum glucose, creatinine, and uric acid levels.furosemide is a sample topic from the Davis's Drug Guide.
If you are taking sucralfate Carafate®, take this medicine 2 hours before or 2 hours after taking furosemide. It may keep furosemide from working properly. Furosemide is a prescription drug used to treat hypertension high blood. tablet is a prescription drug that's available as the brand-name drug Lasix. Your doctor will check your levels to make sure your electrolytes are in a healthy range.