Fluconazole belongs to a group of medications known as antifungals. It is most commonly used to treat fungal infections of the mouth (thrush), esophagus (the tube that takes food from the throat to the stomach), lungs, urinary tract, and vagina (yeast infection). It works by preventing the fungi that are causing infection from reproducing and the infection from continuing. The fungi then die off, causing the infection to clear. It is also used to treat cryptopcoccal meningitis and prevent the recurrence of cryptococcal meningitis in people with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and to decrease the risk of candidiasis infection in people undergoing bone marrow transplants who are treated with chemotherapy or radiation therapy. This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. Fluconazole is a type of medicine called a triazole antifungal. It kills fungi and yeasts by interfering with their cell membranes. Fluconazole works by stopping fungi and yeasts from producing a substance called ergosterol, which is an essential component of their cell membranes. Fluconazole causes holes to appear in the cell membranes, which allows essential constituents of the fungal or yeast cells to leak out. This kills the fungi or yeast, which either clears up the infection or prevents it from developing. Fluconazole is used to treat and prevent a number of different types of fungal and yeast infections, particularly those caused by Candida or Cryptococcus species of fungi. Fluconazole can be taken by mouth (as capsules or suspension) or may be administered via a drip into a vein (intravenous infusion) depending on the type and severity of the infection. The length of treatment needed depends on the type and severity of the infection.
Studies showing a lack of ototoxicity and efficacy similar to oral amoxicillin-clavulanate led the Food and Drug Administration to approve ofloxacin for treatment of otitis externa and tube otorrhea in children. Several authors have advocated the use of fluoroquinolone drops as first-line therapy for these indications, Pay Per Article - You may access this article (from the computer you are currently using) for 2 days for US$25.00Regain Access - You can regain access to a recent Pay per Article purchase if your access period has not yet expired. Fluconazole is used to treat fungal infections, including yeast infections of the vagina, mouth, throat, esophagus (tube leading from the mouth to the stomach), abdomen (area between the chest and waist), lungs, blood, and other organs. Fluconazole is also used to treat meningitis (infection of the membranes covering the brain and spine) caused by fungus. Fluconazole is also used to prevent yeast infections in patients who are likely to become infected because they are being treated with chemotherapy or radiation therapy before a bone marrow transplant (replacement of unhealthy spongy tissue inside the bones with healthy tissue). Fluconazole is in a class of antifungals called triazoles. It works by slowing the growth of fungi that cause infection. Fluconazole comes as a tablet and a suspension (liquid) to take by mouth. It is usually taken once a day, with or without food.
Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. They are written by UK doctors and based on research evidence, UK and European Guidelines. You may find the Fungal Ear Infection article more useful, or one of our other health articles. The incidence of otomycosis is not known but it is more common in hot climates and in those who partake in aquatic sports. About 1 in 8 of otitis external infections is fungal in origin. The fraction of otitis externa that is otomycosis may be higher in hot climates and much of the literature originates from tropical and subtropical countries. An American study found that the incidence peaked during the summer months. Factors that predispose to otitis externa include absence of cerumen, high humidity, increased temperature and local trauma - usually from use of cotton swabs or hearing aids. Fluocinolone acetonide is a member of the family of medications known as corticosteroids and has an anti-inflammatory and anti-itching effect. This medication is used to relieve inflammation and itching associated with skin conditions such as moderate-to-severe allergic dermatitis, eczema of the outer ear in children, eczema in adults, and seborrheic dermatitis. This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several different forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are being given this medication, speak to your doctor.
Dec 15, 2018. Fluconazole is also used to treat meningitis infection of the membranes covering the brain and spine caused by fungus. Fluconazole is also. Find patient medical information for Ear Drops on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings.